Work Package 5
New Knowledge on Tolerance and Cultural Diversity in Europe
To use the findings of the case studies for refining our definition of liberal and egalitarian concepts of tolerance.
To develop a set of Tolerance Indicators.
To classify our country cases on the basis of these Indicators.
To develop a new theory on tolerance that combines liberal and egalitarian elements in it and that allows for contextual understandings and practices of it
Description of work
This WP aims at bringing together and cross-fertilising the findings from the two sets of case studies of the previous work packages (WP3-WP4). All partners participate in this WP too but to a different extent and with different responsibilities. Thus Partner 1 (EUI, Triandafyllidou) and Partner 2 (University of Bristol, Modood) take here the main responsibility for synthesizing the case study findings of the different countries and developing the Tolerance Indicators.
Task 5.1 Each partner will bring together their reports drafted in WP1, WP3 and WP4 into one Country Synthesis Reports. In addition to refining the previous reports under the light of their new empirical findings and the theoretical/conceptual discussions undertaken in WP2 as well as the comparative analysis of the case studies in WP3 and WP4, each partner will draft as part of this WP a concluding chapter for their Country Synthesis Reports which will highlight the new knowledge acquired during the case studies and the overall work of the project and will highlight findings of both a national and a European relevance.
Task 5.2 Partner 1 (EUI, Triandafyllidou)’s task will be on the basis of these short reports and the Policy Briefs all finalized by month 27 to draft a set of Tolerance Indicators.
Tolerance Indicators will be divided into three sub-sets:
- First, indicators that refer to abstract values such as those enshrined in Constitutional Charts and similar documents.
- A second set will refer to laws, decrees and other codified norms that guide public life.
- A third set of indicators will refer to the local enactments of these norms, values and laws by local or regional authorities and by civil society.
Countries will be ranked on a 1-5 scale with 1 – poor tolerance level, 5 – high tolerance level. The Tolerance Indicators will be applied to the countries studied in this project providing each country with a total Tolerance score and scores on different indicators and with brief justification and explanation of these scores. These scores will be based on the country background reports (WP1), and the two case studies (WP3 and WP4). Partner 1 will ask partners to score their countries and justify their scores. In drafting the Toolkit, the authors will consult widely with project partners and in particular with the NGO project partners and their member organizations. The authors will consult with DG JLS, DG Education and Culture as well as naturally with DG Research with a view to maximizing the policy relevance of the Handbook. Partner 1 will be responsible for drafting the Toolkit that will accompany and complement the Tolerance Indicators with the Country Profiles. Short reports on each country’s assessment on the basis of the Tolerance Indicators will be integrated into the Comprehensive Country Reports (D.5.1.1.).
The aim of these Indicators is to provide for a Tool for evaluating the situation in each country and assessing the success or failure of existing policies and practices.
Task 5.3 Partner 2 (BristolUniversity, Tariq Modood) will use the country reports to advance our conceptual analysis of tolerance and cultural diversity in Europe and to develop a set of social or political principles that can guide to more tolerant and pluralistic societies. Partner 2 is responsible for drafting a project publication with title: Advances on Tolerance Theory in Europe. In particular, we will draw on the ideas of religious pluralism, multicultural citizenship and secularism and the different concepts of toleration they imply to explore the possibility that ideas such as accommodation and inclusive citizenship can be commonly even if differently arrived at from these three different positions or at least be a bridge between them. We shall question the gendered aspect that tolerance can have and consider the gender dimension that is intertwined with more general cultural diversity challenges. We shall also identify the factors that can help build the societies that are implied and the identity and socio-economic dynamics behind them.
Task 5.4 On the basis of the work completed in the previous workpackage and the report Advances on Tolerance Theory in Europe we shall seek to respond in our book manuscript to the questions that we have set out in the beginning of our study notably
- What are the key challenging issues that set the limits or potential of diversity and tolerance in Europe?
- How is tolerance defined in different contexts and with regard to different questions
- How have discourse positions on tolerance shifted over time within each country? And overall in Europe?
- How relevant are other concepts such as acceptance, respect, recognition for dealing with cultural, ethnic and religious diversity and finding appropriate normative and policy solutions?
This work will take place between months 32 and 38 with the aim of having a draft manuscript ready by the end of the project
D 5.1 Country Synthesis Reports on Tolerance and Cultural diversity Concepts and Practices (to be delivered on month 27).
D 5.2 Tolerance Indicators Toolkit (to be delivered on month 34).
D 5.3 Advances on Tolerance Theory in Europe (to be delivered on month 34)